The IDERA Dashboard Web Application service comes with TLS1.2 already set up. By default, TLS works with a self-signed certificate. This certificate can be used for encryption only and does not prove the identity of the server.
That default certificate is not signed by any well-known Certification Authority (CA) and is intended only for use in testing purposes. When a user attempts to open the TLS version of the IDERA Dashboard Web interface, a warning appears in the browser window.
If you decide to continue working with this self-signed certificate, you must perform several steps to "accept" the certificate before you can access the site. This step usually occurs only the first time you access the site. Then the self-signed certificate is stored in the browser database marked as trusted. This scenario is suitable for testing purposes.
If you want to obtain a CA-signed certificate, use the steps below to obtain a certificate signed by a well-known CA. The role of a CA is to verify that the IDERA Dashboard Web Application you are trying to access actually has the name you are trying to access it by and that this server actually belongs to your organization.
Obtaining a CA-signed certificate
Certificates are issued by trusted third-party Certification Authorities (CAs). Many CAs simply verify the domain name and issue the certificate, whereas others (VeriSign, etc.) verify the existence of your business, the ownership of your domain name, and your authority to apply for the certificate, providing a higher standard of authentication.
Every browser comes with a pre-defined list of well-known CAs.
Along with the name of your organization and the name of your server, a CA-signed certificate contains the public key of the server. This public key is used by the browser to encrypt data sent to the server. There is a private key on the server. The server uses the private key to decrypt the data encrypted by the public key. The private key should be kept secure on the server to prevent unauthorized access.
For more information about public key cryptography, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-key_cryptography. To learn more about certificates and the steps to buy a certificate, refer to a CA website such as:
Generating a certificate request
Before the CA can issue you the certificate, you should generate a private key and the certificate request and send it to the CA for signing. The certificate request and the private key should be generated using the
openssl command unless otherwise instructed by the CA.
While generating the private key and certificate request, replace the
openssl command with the full path to binary, for example,
Importing the certificate into the Trust-Store
The following steps show you how to install an SSL certificate purchased from a Certification Authority. Your SSL vendor may have different instructions, please check with them for proper certificate installation. The following examples refer to GoDaddy and VeriSign.
- Copy your private Key file (
wildcard.idera.com.key) and Certificate file (
wildcard.idera.com.crt) in PEM format, on the root directory where IDERA Dashboard Services host (i.e. "C:\Program Files\Idera\Dashboard").
- Download OpenSSL for Windows from http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/openssl.htm. Select the ‘Complete package, except sources’ option, and copy the
.exefile in the root file where the IDERA Dashboard services host, right-click and Run as Administrator to install the program.
- Start a Windows Command Prompt by clicking Start > Command Prompt (right-click on Command Prompt to run as Administrator). Alternatively, you can go to Start > Run and then type cmd without quotes and press <Enter>.
- Use the cd C:\ command to go to the root directory of the disk C:\, where you copied the Key and Certificate files.
- Run the following commands to convert the key and the certificate from PEM to DER format.
"C:\OpenSSL\bin\openssl" pkcs8 -topk8 -nocrypt -in wildcard.idera.com.key -inform PEM -out wildcard.idera.com.key.der -outform DER
"C:\OpenSSL\bin\openssl" x509 -in wildcard.idera.com.crt -inform PEM -out wildcard.idera.com.crt.der -outform DER
- Use the
cdcommand to go to the directory where the keytool is located:
cd "C:\Program Files\Idera\Dashboard\WebApplication\JRE\bin\"
- To create the new keystore file, you have to download the
- Access IDERA’s FTP server by navigating to the path ftp://downloads.idera.com/ in Internet Explorer (then follow the instructions on that page to log in), or by using the link in Windows File Explorer. Use the following credentials:
- Unzip the ImportKey utility to
In your Command Promp window, run the following command. It will launch the ImportKey utility and create the keystore file (default name is
keystore.ImportKey) in your home directory (in Windows 2008 it is usually
C:\Users\<your username>). The private key and the certificate will be placed there.
java ImportKey c:\wildcard.idera.com.key.der c:\wildcard.idera.com.crt.der
The keystore and key passwords both must be set to password. To do this, proceed with the next step.
- The following command allows you to set the password for your keystore file. The default password is importkey. Enter it when prompted, in your Command Promp window, and then type the new password, which must be set to password.
keytool -storepasswd -keystore c:\Users\Administrator\keystore.ImportKey
- This command will allow you to set the password for the key file in the keystore. The default password is importkey. Enter it when prompted, and then type the new password, which must be set to password.
keytool -keypasswd -alias importkey -keystore c:\Users\Administrator\keystore.ImportKey
- Use Internet Explorer to download the intermediate certificate chain for the Certification Authority (CA). For example, point Internet Explorer to https://certs.godaddy.com/repository.
- Save the intermediate certificate chain to the root directory of the disk
C:\on the server hosting the IDERA Dashboard services.
Import the received trusted certificate into your keystore file, by running the following command in your Command Promp window:
keytool -import -alias intermed -file c:\sf_issuing.crt -keystore c:\Users\Administrator\keystore.ImportKey -trustcacerts
Internet Explorer may change the file extension. If the command above does not work, try
- Open Windows File Explorer on the machine hosting the IDERA Dashboard services. Navigate to the following directory
- Rename the file
- Then rename the file
C:\Program Files\Idera\Dashboard\WebApplication\conf\keystore, and move that file into
- Finally, restart the IDERA Dashboard Web Application service to complete the setup, and log into the IDERA Dashboard to verify that the certificate has been successfully applied.
- alias. All keystore entries are accessed via unique aliases. Aliases are case-insensitive. An alias is specified when you add an entity to the keystore using the
-importcommand. Subsequent keytool commands must use this same alias to refer to the entity.
- file. Define absolute or relative path to your certificate file. If you define only the file name, it means, that the file is located in the root directory.
- keystore. Each keytool command has a
-keystoreoption for specifying the name and location of the persistent keystore file for the keystore managed by keytool. A keystore is created when you use
-importcommand to add data to a keystore that does not already exist. If you do not specify a
-keystoreoption, the default keystore is a file named
.keystorein your home directory (as determined by the "user.home" system property). If that file does not already exist, it will be created.
Read more about Java keytool for Windows: